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Journal Articles L'Encéphale Year : 2016

Validation française de l’échelle de frustration et d’inconfort (Frustration Discomfort Scale)

Abstract

Background _ The rational emotive behavior therapy originally considered the concept of frustration intolerance in relation with different beliefs or cognitive patterns. Psychological disorders or, to some extent, certain affects such as frustration could result from irrational beliefs. Initially regarded as a unidimensional construct, recent literature considers those irrational beliefs as a multidimensional construct; this is the case for the phenomenon of frustration. In order to measure frustration intolerance, Harrington (2005) developed and validated the Frustration Discomfort Scale. The scale includes four dimensions of beliefs: emotional intolerance includes beliefs according to which emotional distress is intolerable and must be controlled or avoided as soon as possible. The intolerance of discomfort or demand for comfort is the second dimension, based on beliefs that life should be peaceful and comfortable and that any inconvenience, effort or hassle should be avoided. The third dimension is entitlement, which includes beliefs about personal goals, such as merit, fairness, respect and gratification, while others must not frustrate those non-negotiable desires. The fourth dimension is achievement, which reflects demands for high expectations or standards. Methods _ The aim of this study was to translate and validate the Frustration and Discomfort Scale developed by Harington (2005) in a French population, assess its psychometric properties, highlight the four factors structure of the scale, and examine the relationships between this concept and both emotion regulation and perceived stress. We translated the Frustration Discomfort Scale from English to French and back from French to English in order to ensure the good quality of the translation. We then submitted the scale to 289 students (239 females and 50 males) from the University of Savoy, in addition to the Cognitive Emotional Regulation Questionnaire and the Perceived Stress Scale. Results _ The results showed satisfactory psychometric qualities. After removing five items from the original scale, the internal consistency appeared satisfactory for both the full scale (α = .86), and the four sub-dimensions, with alphas ranging from .64 to .71. Although these values are lower than those from the original tool (Harrington, 2005), they are very close to the validation data in other languages (Ozer et al., 2012). Interestingly, the FDS score was related to the perceived stress scale and non-adaptive emotion regulation factor, but not to the adaptive emotion regulation factor. However, the factorial analyses do not unambiguously support the original four factors structure proposed by Harrington (2005). Conclusion _ Reliability as well as convergent and divergent validity indicate that the French version of the Frustration Discomfort Scale is a relevant measure of frustration intolerance. However, divergent validity has not been completely demonstrated. The validation data is more congruent with a one-dimensional factor structure than with the original four dimensional structure. Frustration intolerance could therefore be understood as a unitary concept.
Le concept d’intolérance à la frustration est considéré comme un facteur important des troubles psycho-affectifs. L’échelle d’intolérance à la frustration et à l’inconfort (FDS) d’Harrington (2005) a été développée pour évaluer ce phénomène. Notre objectif consistait à évaluer les propriétés psychométriques de l’échelle d’intolérance à la frustration et à l’inconfort auprès d’une population française. L’échelle a été traduite en français et soumise à 289 étudiants de l’université de Savoie, en conjonction avec un questionnaire de régulation émotionnelle et une échelle de stress perçu. Les résultats indiquent que l’échelle traduite présente de bonnes qualités psychométriques et apparaît significativement liée à la mesure du stress ainsi qu’aux stratégies de régulation émotionnelle non adaptatives. En revanche, la structure factorielle à quatre dimensions de l’échelle n’est que partiellement soutenue par les données, qui suggèrent plutôt l’existence d’un facteur général unique.
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Dates and versions

hal-01725067 , version 1 (26-01-2024)

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Jérôme L. Chamayou, Vera Tsenova, Corentin Gonthier, Catherine Blatier, Abdessalem Yahyaoui. Validation française de l’échelle de frustration et d’inconfort (Frustration Discomfort Scale). L'Encéphale, 2016, 42 (4), pp.325-332. ⟨10.1016/j.encep.2015.08.005⟩. ⟨hal-01725067⟩
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