The supply of multiple ecosystem services requires biodiversity across spatial scales - Université Rennes 2 Access content directly
Journal Articles Nature Ecology & Evolution Year : 2023

The supply of multiple ecosystem services requires biodiversity across spatial scales

Caterina Penone
Ellen Kandeler
Sophia Leimer
Sven Marhan
  • Function : Author
Kathryn Morris
Sandra Müller
Felix Neff
David Perović
Sophie Peter
Deborah Schäfer
  • Function : Author
Michael Scherer-Lorenzen
Michael Schloter
Ingo Schöning
Marion Schrumpf
Juliane Steckel
  • Function : Author
Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter
  • Function : Author
Marco Tschapka
  • Function : Author
Juliane Vogt
  • Function : Author
Christiane Weiner
Wolfgang Weisser
Konstans Wells
Michael Werner
Wolfgang Wilcke
Peter Manning


The impact of local biodiversity loss on ecosystem functioning is well established, but the role of larger-scale biodiversity dynamics in the delivery of ecosystem services remains poorly understood. Here we address this gap using a comprehensive dataset describing the supply of 16 cultural, regulating and provisioning ecosystem services in 150 European agricultural grassland plots, and detailed multi-scale data on land use and plant diversity. After controlling for land-use and abiotic factors, we show that both plot-level and surrounding plant diversity play an important role in the supply of cultural and aboveground regulating ecosystem services. In contrast, provisioning and belowground regulating ecosystem services are more strongly driven by field-level management and abiotic factors. Structural equation models revealed that surrounding plant diversity promotes ecosystem services both directly, probably by fostering the spill-over of ecosystem service providers from surrounding areas, and indirectly, by maintaining plot-level diversity. By influencing the ecosystem services that local stakeholders prioritized, biodiversity at different scales was also shown to positively influence a wide range of stakeholder groups. These results provide a comprehensive picture of which ecosystem services rely most strongly on biodiversity, and the respective scales of biodiversity that drive these services. This key information is required for the upscaling of biodiversity–ecosystem service relationships, and the informed management of biodiversity within agricultural landscapes.
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hal-04111147 , version 1 (09-07-2024)




Gaëtane Le Provost, Noëlle Schenk, Caterina Penone, Jan Thiele, Catrin Westphal, et al.. The supply of multiple ecosystem services requires biodiversity across spatial scales. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 2023, 7, pp.236-249. ⟨10.1038/s41559-022-01918-5⟩. ⟨hal-04111147⟩
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